Center for Integrated Nanotechnologies

Helping you understand, create, and characterize nanomaterials

CINT SCIENCE THRUSTS AND INTEGRATION CHALLENGES

Providing the scientific basis for integration of nanoscale materials and for enhanced performance

alt text Nanoscale integration has the potential to revolutionize the way we live, in the same way that the development of the semiconductor-based integrated circuit (or computer “chip”) did. The development of the chip required the capability to integrate a large number of resistors, capacitors, diodes, and transistors on a single platform. Once developed, the chip enabled countless innovations. CINT envisions similarly transformational technologies will ultimately emerge from nanomaterials integration.

While nanoscale materials exhibit extraordinary physical, chemical, and/or biological properties, isolated or individual nanoscale materials are scientifically interesting, they rarely make a significant technological impact. Building blocks comprised of individual nanoscale materials are commonly integrated with other materials into architectures that amplify their properties (up-scaling) or lead to new ensemble behaviors (emergent phenomena). By surveying the integrated environments of greatest potential impact, and by developing our fundamental understanding of the principles that govern these integrated properties and behaviors, we can capitalize on the greatest potential for nanomaterials to have an enduring impact on scientific and technological innovations.

SCIENCE THRUSTS

CINT has scientific expertise and specialized capabilities in four interdisciplinary science thrusts

Quantum Materials Systems

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Mike Lilly, Thrust Leader
Jinkyoung Yoo, Thrust Co-Leader

Understanding and controlling quantum effects of nanoscale materials and their integration into systems spanning multiple length scales.

Key integration science challenges include:

In-Situ Characterization and Nanomechanics

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Nan Li, Thrust Leader
Khalid Hattar, Thrust Co-Leader

Developing and implementing world-leading capabilities to study the dynamic response of materials and nanosystems to mechanical, electrical, or other stimuli.

Key integration science challenges include:

Nanophotonics and Optical Nanomaterials

Nanophotonics and optical nanomaterials
Jennifer Hollingsworth, Thrust Leader
Igal Brener, Thrust Co-Leader

Discovery, synthesis, and integration of optical nanomaterials; exploitation and characterization of emergent or collective electromagnetic and quantum optical phenomena, from nanophotonics and metamaterials to quantum coherence.

Key integration science challenges include:

Soft, Biological, and Composite Nanomaterials

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Dale Huber, Thrust Leader
John Watt, Thrust Co-Leader

Synthesis, assembly, and characterization of soft, biomolecular, and composite nanomaterials that display emergent functionality.

Key integration science challenges include:

INTEGRATION CHALLENGES

An underlying theme of our research is a fully integrated feedback loop of synthesis, characterization, and modeling, that allows the nanoscience community to realize, and develop the ability to predict and a priori design, unprecedented materials functionalities

Quantum materials

Quantum materials possess tremendous potential to revolutionize many technologies that could impact our daily life. A few representative examples include: novel sensing platforms capable of detecting very small changes in magnetic fields with resolution beyond the classical limit; quantum photonic integrated circuits enabling eavesdrop-proof communication; ultrafast, energy-efficient magnetoelectric sensors; and, ultimately, a neuromorphic quantum computer capable of mimicking the human brain. CINT has been at the forefront of synthesis, fabrication, and integration of quantum materials as well as in probing and controlling their emergent phenomena for nearly a decade. In the coming years CINT will expand our research efforts into the following areas:

Hybrid material interactions for generation and manipulation of light

Structured hybrid materials can be engineered to have novel photonic properties that emerge only as a result of multi-material interactions and can also include pre-designed properties for novel photon generation and manipulation. CINT is advancing the understanding and application of these revolutionary hybrid systems by addressing the most significant open questions surrounding the control, integration, and enhancement of the photonic response of two classes of materials and their associated assemblies:

Soft nanomaterials science

Soft and hybrid nanomaterials have had revolutionary impacts in fields ranging from energy storage and conversion to biomedicine. A few specific examples include: magnetic nanoparticles capable of detecting and treating cancer, functionalized, plasmonic nanoparticles for detection of Bacillus anthracis, and printable flexible electronics used in solar cells, organic LEDs, and health monitoring devices. CINT has been at the forefront of synthesis, assembly, characterization, and theory of soft nanomaterials and their integration into functional assemblies with desired emergent properties. In the coming years, CINT will expand these efforts with an emphasis on:

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